Persons related to Chopin Persons related to Chopin

Seweryn Goszczyński

Seweryn Goszczyński

Seweryn Goszczyński

*4 XI 1801 Ilińce, Ukraina, †25 II 1876 Lwów

Born on 4th November 1801 in Ilinice in Ukraine. He did not receive a thorough education because his parents were not well off. He studied with breaks in different schools, the Basilian School in Humań being the one where he stayed the longest period of time. At this school he made friends with J.B. Zaleski and M. Grabowski. In 1820 he moved to Warsaw, where he joined the secret Union of Free Polish Brothers. On hearing the news about the outbreak of the insurrection in Greece, in August 1821, he walked to Ukraine in order to get to the fighting rebels via Odessa. Due to the lack of funds he stopped in Ukraine where he remained till 1830, engaging in conspiratorial activities. He frequently changed his lodging as he was being sought by the police. During this period he wrote many patriotic poems, Uczta zemsty, among others.

In June 1830 he returned to Warsaw and joined Piotr Wysocki’s conspiracy. He took part in the attack on the Belvedere Palace in November 1830; then he fought (with the rank of captain) in General J. Dwernicki’s corps. He took part in the battles at Stoczk and Nowa Wieś. After the capitulation of Warsaw he crossed the Prussian border together with General Rybiński’s corps. The experiences connected with this fact found their outlet in the poem Wyjście z Polski. He settled in Galicia. He did not give up his social and political activity. The Union of Twenty One was created on his initiative in Lwów in 1832. Around 1835 he established the Polish People’s Society in Kraków.

He was the co-founder of the literary group Ziewonia. He hid under false names because the Austrian police were after him (a court in Warsaw had sentenced him by default to capital punishment). His stay at Podhale resulted in his interest in the culture of this region and the introduction of the Tatras into Polish literature. In 1838 he emigrated to France. In Strasbourg he co-edited a satirical magazine "Pszonka", which was ideologically connected with the Polish Democratic Society. Here he met A. Mickiewicz and J. Słowacki. In 1842 he joined the Towiańczycy Circle (he was its secretary). At that time he cut himself off from his previous political activities, and gave up writing for many years. He remained faithful to the Circle till the end of his life. He was badly off, he almost died of starvation during The Paris Commune. In 1872 he came back to his home country thanks to his friends’ help. His countrymen enthusiastically welcomed him and he settled in Lwów. He died four years later, on 25 February 1876. He was buried in the  Łyczaków Cemetery in Lwów.


 

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