Persons related to Chopin Persons related to Chopin

Józef Kalasanty Jędrzejewicz

Józef Kalasanty Jędrzejewicz

*7 VII 1803 Warszawa, †11 V 1853 Warszawa

Józef Kalasanty Izajasz Franciszek Jędrzejewicz was born on 7th July 1803 in Warsaw and christened on 24th July at the Holy Cross church. His father was Józef (ca. 1769-1832), a Warsaw bourgeois from a family of mercers of Armenian descent (although in the early 19th century the Jędrzejewiczes were still considered noblemen). Józef Sr. participated in the Kościuszko Uprising and was later a soldier of the Polish Legions and of the Duchy of Warsaw, serving as major (lieutenant-colonel?) and also as voivodship counsellor and judge of peace in Warsaw. Józef Kalasanty's mother was Ludwika Gutze, first married to Warsaw tradesman Franciszek Tykiel (Tückel). Józef Kalasanty had only two half-brothers: Benon Benedykt Tykiel (ca. 1793-after 1858), referendary at the State Council and civilian governor of Augustów, and Feliks Tykiel (ca. 1795-1847), captain of the Polish army and owner of Skrzeszewy estate in the Gostynin district.

Józef Kalasanty was pupil at the Piarist boarding school in Żoliborz and subsequently at the Warsaw Lycaeum, where he graduated in 1824. On 15th September that year he enrolled at the Department of Law and Administration of the Warsaw University, where he graduated in October 1827, receiving a master's degree in administration.

In summer 1828 (between 10th June and 25th July) he went on a study trip through the Duchy of Poznań, Prussia, the Duchy of Mecklemburg, Denmark, the Netherlands, Flanders to France, where he stayed in Paris at least until 24th August, as documented by his travel diary. On this trip Jędrzejewicz was most probably accompanied by Fryderyk Skarbek and Eustachy Marylski. On their way they visited some outstanding cities (Berlin, Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris and surroundings), attending the Royal Theatre in Berlin and Brussels and to the Paris Opéra. The main objective of this study trip, for which the three young men probably received a government grant, was to research the state of prisons, hospitals and correction centers in the respective countries. Jędrzejewicz stayed in Paris for a year and in 1829 became member of the Geographical Society there. In 1829 he also visited Switzerland, Italy, Bavaria and Austria. On 6th December 1829 he received a doctoral degree at the Jagellonian University in Kraków on condition that he present and publish a dissertation.

Upon returning to Warsaw in January 1830 he was elected by the political assembly of the 7th Disctrict of Warsaw as member of the Citizens' Council. From 1830 onwards he also worked as official in the Manufacturing Section of the Mazovia Voivodship Commission, and later in the Government Home Affairs Committee. During the November Uprising he served as a second lieutenant in the guards, and from 1st August 1831 in the 11th Regiment of foot riflemen. After returning to Warsaw he renewed his oath of allegiance to the tsar before the Government War Committee. He inherited from his father two houses on 526 Podwale St. and 300b Ślepa St. On 22nd November 1832 Jędrzejewicz married Ludwika Chopin (1807-1855), Fryderyk's elder sister. From 1837 he was professor of law and administration at the Institute of Farming and Forestry in Marymont. He was counsellor in the board of the General Management of the Fire Society from 1838 until the reorganization of this institution in 1843, when it became the Insurance Management. In the 1830s he also started an activity in the Warsaw Charity Society, acting as patron of the 1st District in 1834-1844, member of the examination committee in 1834, member of the Department Administration and of the Department for the Prevention of Begging in 1840. In 1844 and 1849 he accompanied his wife on a trip to Paris to meet with her brother Fryderyk. In 1850 he became judge of peace at the 2nd Department of the Warsaw municipality. In 1853 he became senior counsellor.

It is difficult to judge Józef Jędrzejewicz. His professional activities show an engaged and publicly active man. Being a judge of peace, he must have enjoyed popularity and trust. On the other hand, his relationships with his closest family, particularly with Fryderyk Chopin, were disastrous. His long-term anomisoty towards his famous brother-in-law, which he then transferred to his wife Ludwika and her parents, did nothing but poison the otherwise loving relations in the Chopin family, causing a long mental suffering of Ludwika.

Józef Kalasanty Jędrzejewicz died suddenly at 1pm on 11th May 1853 in his house at 526 Podwale St. He was buried in the catacombs of the Powązki cemetery on 13th May in a ceremony led by a friend of the Chopins, archdeacon of Warsaw Jan Dekert. Józef Kalasanty Jędrzejewicz and Ludwika Chopin had a daughter and three sons.

Piotr Mysłakowski and Andrzej Sikorski

 Bibliography
Rafał Gerber, Studenci Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego 1808-1831. Słownik biograficzny [Alumni of the Warsaw University 1808-1831. A Biogaphical Dictionary], Wrocław-Warsaw-Cracow-Gdańsk 1977, p. 85.
Teresa Czerwińska, Dziennik podróży Józefa Kalasantego Jędrzejewicza - nieznany przyczynek do dziejów rodzin Chopinów i Jędrzejewiczów [The travel diary of Józef Kalasanty Jędrzejewicz - an unknown document for the history of the Chopin and Jędrzejewicz families], [in:] „Rocznik Chopinowski", vol. 21, Warsaw 1995, pp. 238-258.
Piotr Mysłakowski, Andrzej Sikorski, Chopinowie. Krąg rodzinno-towarzyski [The Chopins. Their Family and Social Circle], Warszawa 2005.
Janina Siwkowska, Nokturn czyli rodzina Fryderyka Chopina w latach 1832-1881 [A Nocturne. Fryderyk Chopin's Family in the Years 1832-1881], vols. 1-2, Warsaw 1986-1988.

 


 

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