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Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert

*31 I 1797 Himmelpfortgrund, †19 XI 1828 Wiedeń

Franz Schubert - an Austrian composer, one of the most representative musicians of Romanticism. He started his musical education with his father, then he studied in Vienna. For five years he had been singing as a soprano in the boyish court chapel in Vienna. In 1812 he started studying composition under A. Salieri. After graduating he became a teacher in his father's school, but he left this job and he dedicated himself to composition. His favorite genre was a song. He wrote over 600 songs. His instrumental works also show the influences of vocal lyric.

Works by Schubert:

  •  9 Symphonies - including the remarkable "Unfinished" (8th), the sweeping "Great C Major" (9th) and "The Tragic" (4th) - the 7th was sketched but not orchestrated
  • 2 Masses
  • Rosamunde - ballet, the Overture often being played separately
  • 600+ Songs (and some duets)- in many different forms, often settings of poems by Goethe, Schiller and others, including "Die Ferelle" (The Trout), "An Silvia" and the profound song cycle "Winterreise" (Winter's Journey)
  • Octet in F
  • Piano Quintet "The Trout" - so named because the slow movement is a set of variations on the theme of the song of that name
  • Piano Quartet and 2 Piano Trios
  • 15 String Quartets - including the Dm "Death and the Maiden" named after the song theme used in the 2nd movement
  • String Quintet in C and 2 String Trios
  • Sonata and Sonatinas for Violin and Piano
  • Cello Sonata
  • 21+ Piano Sonatas- some incomplete
  • Many other works for solo piano and piano duet - Impromptus, Moments Musicaux, Marches Militaires, "Wanderer" Fantasy (also named after the song whose theme is used)

 


 

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