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Vincenzo Bellini

Vincenzo Bellini

Vincenzo Bellini

*3 XI 1801Catania, †23 IX 1835 Puteaux

Italian opera composer. He studied in the Conservatory in Naples and he made there his opera debut in 1825 (opera Adelson e Salvini). In 1831 Bellini composed his most valuable operas: Norma and La sonnambula. In 1833 he went to Paris to compose a new opera commissioned by Théâtre Italien.

During his stay in Paris he met Chopin and Liszt. Chopin knew Bellini's operas and valued them highly (he must have known La sonnambula, Norma and I Puritani given in Paris in 1835). Bellini and Chopin both took part in musical evenings organized by Lina Freppa. One of the airs from Bellini's operas was to be the last melody, which Chopin had the opportunity to hear before his death. On 15th of October 1849 countess Delfina Potocka visited Chopin in his apartment and, asked by the composer, sang inter alia Bellini's air.

In 1937 Chopin composed Variations in E major on an air from the II act of I Puritani to honour the memory of Bellini. Together with the variations by Liszt, Pixis, Herz, Thalberg and Czerny, Chopin's variation formed the Hexameron - cycle of variations on the theme from the last opera of Bellini.  


 

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