Persons related to Chopin Persons related to Chopin

Eustachy Marylski

Eustachy Marylski

*1804 Rozlazłowo, †4 VIII 1871 Żółwin

Eustachy-Anastazy-Józef Marylski was born in Rozlazłów, in the district of Sochaczew, in 1804, the son of Piotr (1775-1829; coat-of-arms Ostoja, variant), a Polish army captain, Sochaczew district councillor and Speaker of the Błońsko Assembly, and Katarzyna, née Cybulska. He was initially taught at home, then spent three years at the gymnasium school in Płock, directed by Ignacy Przybylski, during which time he boarded with Adrian Krzyżanowski. In 1820, due to a lack of places in the Piarist school in Żolibórz, Marylski passed an exam to join the fourth year at the Liceum Warszawskie secondary school and was placed to board with Mikołaj Chopin. He spent three years there, together with Jan Białobłocki, Karol Weltz, Jan Scipio del Campo, Tytus Woyciechowski, Michał Lisowski and a boy called Wodziński. He described his schooldays and his residence at the Chopins' in Memoirs published in the Kurier Warszawski newspaper. On completing his schooling at the Liceum in 1823, he enrolled at the University, and in 1826 received a master's degree in law and administration.

In 1828 he accompanied Fryderyk Skarbek on a journey around Western Europe, the purpose of which was to study penitentiary systems and welfare institutions, with a view to domestic reform. In Paris, he was received into the Royal Geographical Society, in recognition of his knowledge and skills. His impressions of the Netherlands were published in the periodical Kolumb. On returning to Poland he turned to managing his estates of Książenice and Żółwin (formerly in the district of Błońsko, now Pruszków), which he inherited from his father in 1829. Besides Fryderyk Skarbek, Marylski also maintained contacts with another of his teachers, the poet Kazimierz Brodziński, whom he often received in his home, and to whom, on Brodziński's death, he funded a monument, made by Władysław Oleszczyński and erected in the Visitandine church in Warsaw.

In 1829 he published Wspomnienia zgonu zasłużonych w narodzie Polaków [Remembrance of Those who Rendered Great Service to the Polish Nation], in the form of a calendar with brief biographies of those deceased who were ‘particularly renowned for their learning' or had ‘rendered great service to the fatherland by council [or] sword' placed under relevant dates. He dedicated this work to his teacher, Fryderyk Skarbek, with whose family he subsequently maintained a warm and enduring friendship. This even continued into the next generation, as is attested by the relations between Count Józef Skarbek and Eustachy Marylski's son, Antoni, to whom the count bequeathed a rich library. In 1832, he became an adviser to the Special Board of the Land Credit Society of the Mazovia voivodeship, in 1837 adviser to the Fire Society, and in the years 1847-1863 he was a justice of the peace for the district of Błońsko. He was a member of the Royal Geographical Society in Paris and in the years 1860-1861 of the Polish Agricultural Society.

Besides managing his estates, Marylski also travelled a great deal (Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy). This he put to good use, gathering interesting historical material; his Pomniki i mogiły Polaków na cmentarzach zagranicznych [Graves and Gravestones of Poles in Cemeteries Abroad] (Warsaw, 1860) deals with the cemeteries of Dresden, where Marylski copied out gravestone inscriptions. He possessed a rich book collection, from which he translated (and published), from the French, Antoni Łukasz Krutta's manuscript Dziennik przyjęcia i pobytu nadzwyczajnego posła Porty Ottomańskiej do Stanisława Augusta, króla polskiego... [Diary of the Reception and Sojourn of the Special Envoy of the Ottoman Port to Stanislaus Augustus, King of Poland ...] (Warsaw, 1860).

Eustachy Marylski died on 4 August 1871 on his estate of Żółwin, near Grodzisk Mazowiecki, and was buried in Brwinów.     He married three times. His first wife was Urszula-Dominika Skórkowska (coat-of-arms Jelita), most probably the daughter of Feliks and Joanna, née Darowska, whom he married in Kraków on 27 July 1830. Urszula died in Karnice on 9 March 1844, leaving three children: Henryk-Władysław-Feliks (b. Balice, near Kraków, 3 Sept. 1833; d. Rome, 31 Jan. 1856, during his studies), Joanna, wife of Józef Kisielnicki (b. 1825; coat-of-arms Topór) of Stawiski in the district of Kolno (mother-in-law of Wojciech Kossak) and Jadwiga, wife of Stefan Czarniecki (coat-of-arms Łodzia), heir to Książenice and Wysoka Lelowska in the district of Będzin. Eustachy's second wife was the Warsaw canoness Domicella-Teodora Weryha Darowska (b. 7 May 1805; coat-of-arms Ślepowron), daughter of Józef and Felicja, née Walewska (his first wife's cousin). Marylski's third wife was Ludgarda Prószyńska, with whom he had a son, Antoni-Eustachy (b. Warsaw, 7 Mar. 1865; d. Warsaw, 27 May 1932). The latter, orphaned at an early age, was adopted by Jan Paweł Łuszczewski (1835-1911) of Pęcice, near Warsaw, and in 1887 took the surname Marylski-Łuszczewski (coat-of-arms Korczak). He was a member of the National Democracy movement, a well-known publicist and an activist with agricultural organisations. He was owner of an estate in Pęcice. In 1900, at the request of Ferdynand Hoesick, gathering materials for his Chopin biography, he sent the writer a copy of excerpts from his father's memoirs describing his schooldays and his residence in the Chopins' boarding home. This diary remains the fullest description of the home and of the everyday life of its residents.

Eustachy Marylski's brother was Juliusz (b. Brochów, 22 Dec. 1811; d. Brussels, 22 Apr. 1888), a second lieutenant in the November Rising, aide-de-camp to General J. Dwernicki, who took up bookselling in exile and had his own publishing company. Eustachy's sister, Ludwika-Joanna-Anna (b. c.1802) married (in Brwinów, 24 Nov. 1824) Antoni-Paweł Boczkowski (b. c.1788; coat-of-arms Gozdawa), proprietor of Lubiejów, in the district of Sochaczew, and justice of the peace for that district.

Piotr Mysłakowski and Andrzej Sikorski (October 2006)

Bibliography:
Rafał Gerber, Studenci Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego 1808-1831. Słownik biograficzny [Warsaw University Students 1808-1831. A Biographical Dictionary] (Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1977), 140.
Piotr Mysłakowski and Andrzej Sikorski, Chopinowie. Krąg rodzinno-towarzyski [The Chopins. Their Family and Social Circle] (Warsaw, 2005).
Andrzej Przymusiała, ‘Marylski Eustachy (1804-1871)', in Polski Słownik Biograficzny [Polish Biographical Dictionary], xx (Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975), 108-109.

 


 

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