Persons related to Chopin Persons related to Chopin

Jan Matuszyński

Jan Matuszyński

Jan Matuszyński

*14 XII 1808 Warszawa, †20 IV 1842 Paryż

The physician Jan Edward Aleksander Matuszyński was born into a bourgeois family of the Augsburg Evangelical (Lutheran) faith that had migrated from Upper Silesia (Pszczyna). He was the son of Jan-Fryderyk (c.1768–1831), a doctor of medicine and surgeon in charge of the Evangelical Hospital, and Ludwika, née Mahlenberg. On 14 September 1827, he enrolled on the Medical Faculty of Warsaw University. During the Polish-Russian War of 1830–1831, subsequent to the November Rising, he was battalion doctor of 5th Horse Artillery Regiment, before serving in a Warsaw hospital and in a battalion of the Grenadiers of the Guard. On 4 October, he was decorated with the Virtuti Militari Cross. After the defeat of the insurrection, he went with the army into Prussia and worked in a military hospital in Malbork. He graduated from the University of Tübingen, where in 1834 he was awarded a doctorate for the work ‘Über die Natur und Behandlung des Weichselzopfes’. He subsequently lived in Paris, where in 1837 he was awarded another doctorate, this time for a work on physiology, ‘De l’influence du nerf sypmathique sur les fonctions des sens’, and taught at the Ecole de Médicine. He married Caroline Clothilde Boquet, whose first husband was one Lebrasseur. Jan Matuszyński died of tuberculosis.

 

At school, he was one of the closest friends of Fryderyk Chopin. He played the flute, and in 1823 performed solo during a Mass at the Bernardine Church of St Anne in Warsaw. On arriving in Paris, in 1834, he lived with Chopin on Chaussée d’Antin. He helped Fryderyk as a doctor and was the only one who had any influence over him. He was also Chopin’s confidant.

 

Andrzej Sikorski


 

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