Persons related to Chopin Persons related to Chopin

Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński

Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński

Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński

*25 II 1807 Romanów na Wołyniu, †9 X 1867 Warszawa

Polish composer, conductor, pianist and pedagogue. He learnt music from his father, Ignacy, a violinist, composer and conductor. In 1825 he began to study with Józef Elsner in Warsaw, first through private lessons and then as a student at the Main School of Music from 1826 to 1828.

Dobrzyński first started composing music in Winnitsa. But he was to spend the majority of his life in Warsaw, where he composed, taught, organized music groups and sought backing for symphony concerts that he conducted himself. His skills as a piano teacher were widely recognized at the time, and in 1845 his "Szkoła na fortepian" / "School for the Piano" was published in Warsaw by Sennewald. In 1835 his Symphony No. 2 in C minor Op. 15 earned him the prize for second place at a composing competition in Vienna, and selected movements from the symphony were later performed in Warsaw and Leipzig with Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy conducting. Sennewald later published a version for two pianos in Warsaw in 1862, calling it "Symfonia charakterystyczna w duchu muzyki polskiej" / "Symphony in the Characteristic Spirit of Polish Music".

Dobrzyński composed his first opera between 1836 and 1838, entitled "Monbar czyli Flibustierowie" / Monbar or the Filibusters" Op. 30. Segments of the opera were played in concert halls in Warsaw, Poznań, Berlin and Dresden, and it premiered on-stage at Warsaw’s Teatr Wielki in 1863. From 1841 to 1843, he taught music at the Alexandrian Institute for the Education of Girls.

In March 1845 Dobrzyński began traveling around Europe presenting his compositions, visiting Berlin, Leipzig, Dresden, Munich, Bonn, Frankfurt am Main and Vienna. He stayed for a while in Berlin earning his living as a music teacher. During that period he was forbidden to return to Poland because of a few patriotic songs he had written, including "Do matki Polki" / "To a Polish Mother", based on a poem by Adam Mickiewicz. He would not return to Warsaw until September 1847.

In 1852 Dobrzyński was named opera manager at the Teatr Wielki, an appointment he was to hold for less than a year. In years that followed, he conducted the opera's orchestra during symphony concerts at places like the Merchants' Chamber, among others. He finally organised the Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński's Polish Orchestra in October 1857, made up of distinguished musicians from the Teatr Wielki. The new orchestra gave weekly concerts at the New Arcadia on Marszałkowska Street.

From 1858 to 1860 Dobrzyński sat on the founding committee of the Institute of Music, as well as being a member of the Lvov Music Society. In 1860, his health failing, he gradually began to withdraw from Warsaw's music scene, devoting himself exclusively to composition.


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